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4th European eAccessibility Forum

eAccessibility of Public Services in Europe

12/04/2010, 9:00 - 18:00
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie - Paris, France

  Version française
Printable version

Introducing e-accessibility requirements in a Web project

Magali OUALID (Paris (France))
Ministry of National Education

Jean-Pierre VILLAIN (Montpellier)

Olivier NOURRY (Paris)

Speaker's information

photo Magali OUALID

Magali Oualid is project manager at the Ministry of Education. AccessiWeb expert in evaluation since June 2008, she is involved in the implementation of the digital accessibility within her administration, and participates in the interministerial works for the accompaniment of the public services in the implementation of the decree officializing the Référentiel Général d’Accessibilité pour les Administrations (RGAA, general accessibility reference table for the administrations).

Logo QeliosNo text was provided for this author.
photo Olivier Nourry

Olivier Nourry is a Project Manager and Consultant on complex web applications, and Web Accessibility Manager, for the Micropole-Univers Group. At his instance, Micropole-Univers have developed an expertise around Web accessibility, injected in their clients’ projects, while aiming constantly at efficiency and pragmatism.

Micropole-Univers’ commitment towards Accessibility is materialized by a strong financial and technical partnership with Braillenet.



[Notice : The short papers of this conference have been prepared by BrailleNet who accept any responsibility for them. But presentation materials provided for download (full-papers or slides) have been provided by the authors themselves]

This presentation aims at giving an overview of the best practices to resort to at each stage of the management of a web project in order to guarantee the accessibility of the web site. It is based upon the initial definition of the perimeter of the accessibility of a web site. Two prerequisites are necessary beforehand in order to understand what is at stake regarding e-accessibility in a web project: knowledge of e-accessibility and of web development project managing.

Our guiding example, for this presentation, will be the compliance process of www.education.gouv.fr, the institutional website of the Education Nationale Departement.

The perimeter of a Web site accessibility

a)  The perimeter  

It includes the website itself, the tools and the people working, at different level, on the project.

- The website and its services: all the web pages, where the content of the site must be accessible to everyone, regardless of its web surfing habits.   

- The publishing and administrative tools: must allow all contributors to implement accessibility when publishing contents.

- The project management team: it implements accessibility from the very beginning of the website conception to its effective implementation and then, it takes in charge the website maintenance. The project management team is included in the website perimeter because of the concrete knowledge it must have. 

b) Contributors

Three types of contributors (content producers) can be distinguished: the direct contributors (must be trained), the indirect but belonging to the organization (administration, company), and the external indirect contributors (service providers).

c) Summary

Accessibility goes beyond management tools of the website: we must include developing tools and also the creative process of contents outside website management tools.

Accessibility implementation involves not only the webmasters but also the technical team, direct contributors and internal or external indirect contributors.

Consequence: accessibility must be considered at each stages of the project by and for each actors of its implementation. But the entire perimeter is not always concerned at each of these stages.

 View of the website accessibility perimeter

This image depicts the whole perimeter of the website accessibility: website, publishing interface, project management team, users of the publishing tool, external or internal indirect contributors.

Accessibility at each step of the project: methodology and quality monitoring.

A project is classically divided in three stages:

- Initialization
- Implementation
- Maintenance

This presentation illustrates for each of this stages through key questions and concrete examples based on the Education Nationale website, which part of the website accessibility perimeter has to be taken in account and how. Which part of the website and which types of contributors is specifically concerned: this question is dynamically and precisely detailed for each stages of accessibility implementation. The whole perimeter, in its complexity, is fully taken in account. [see attached full paper].


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