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10th European e-Accessibility Forum
e-Accessibility in a connected world

30 May 2016, 9am-6pm
Cité des sciences et de l'industrie, Paris

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IoT applications in e-Health

Marie-Christine JAULENT (Paris)
INSERM (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)

Speaker's information

photo Marie-Christine Jaulent

Marie-Christine Jaulent studied computer engineering and completed a doctorate in Artificial Intelligence in 1986. She is now Director of Research at the Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (French Institute of Health and Medical Research). She directs the LIMICS research laboratory (UMRS 1142, Inserm, UPMC, UP13) which specialises in Medical Informatics and Knowledge Engineering for e-Health. In April 2016 the LIMICS is organising an international conference in Paris called STC 2016 : "Transforming Healthcare with the Internet of Things". Marie-Christine Jaulent has written over 100 articles in scientific journals and is involved in international standardisation work (IHTSDO). In 2012 she was appointed co-editor of the International Medical Informatics Association's Yearbook of medical informatics.



e-Health refers to health in general, both good and bad, and is related to wellbeing as much as prevention.

Examples of connected objects that have been designed to help improve health on a daily basis are the connected lighter for those who want to stop smoking, and the connected spoon to measure the frequency and the range of shaking of people with Parkinson's disease.

These objects generate data that could be very interesting for a health professional both for diagnosis and in deciding on subsequent care for patients as a complement to institutional health records. However, at present doctors are not able to use or prescribe IoT devices, and their use in the health sector is limited to research. Like with prescription drugs, it is necessary to run extensive clinical trials to prove the effectiveness of connected objects before they can be used in the health sector (and classified CE standard), and this is very difficult to do.

There are connected hearing aids and toothbrushes, connected glucometers and pill containers, and a number of other health-monitoring devices available on the market, but none of these are yet classified medical devices. The fact that they bring added value, are interoperable, and respect patient confidentiality still needs to be demonstrated.

As has been mentioned, these objects are already feeding into medical research, but there are a number of problems. At present, there is no agreed standard for the data being collected by these devices, and therefore no interoperability. When data is analysed out of context there is also a risk that it will lose all coherence.

Research into remote surveillance used to monitor patients once they are discharged from hospital is being conducted to demonstrate the added value of the IoT. In Waterloo, Canada, a centre of excellence for the elderly has been set up in the form of a connected village. Elderly people can buy or rent flats in the village that are connected up to a research institute responsible for monitoring a number of health indicators. This project is still in the initiation phase, but promises to be revolutionary in terms of demonstrating how the IoT can be used to improve health on a daily basis.

Watch Marie-Christine Jaulent's presentation on YouTube (in French). For subtitles, please use the CC button, and if you require a transcript do not hesitate to contact us at contact[at]braillenet.org.

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